By Rumu Sarkar Ph.D.
In A anxious Symmetry: the hot Soldier within the Age of uneven clash Professor Rumu Sarkar deploys a brand new set of analytical suggestions to border the phenomenon of worldwide terrorism in a manner that's either illuminating and fruitful in its sensible functions for NATO, UN, and AU forces. With cutting edge conceptual instruments constructed in her essay, "Une Sym?trie de los angeles Peur," which used to be the Prix Fondation Saint-Cyr 2007 essay award winner, Sarkar makes use of the dialectic technique to build in A apprehensive Symmetry a brand new severe paradigm to unravel the underlying tensions resulting in international terrorism. vital to this paradigm is Sarkar's transformational version of the recent Soldier: a warrior who makes use of compassion, empathy, and cultural figuring out as strategic guns of struggle which will definitively finish the frightened Symmetry. those highbrow abilities and emotional features needs to be inculcated within the New Soldier, no longer as ethical imperatives, yet as key operational resources for battling worldwide jihadism and resolving the conflicts and tensions that lead to international clash. A apprehensive Symmetry assessments its paradigm opposed to case stories of the dialectics of terrorism in failed states (e.g., Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone) and non-failed states (including Pakistan, Indonesia, and the Philippines), the stalemates blockading state-centered strategies of zero-sum counterclaims, as in Palestine, Western Sahara, and Kashmir, and the promise of latest sorts of multilateral, multinational, multicultural, and multilingual job strength cooperation exemplified through the experimental partnership among NATO and AU Standby Forces.
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Extra info for A Fearful Symmetry: The New Soldier in the Age of Asymmetric Conflict (Praeger Security International)
29 More broadly speaking, [n]ation-states exist to deliver political goods—security, education, health services, economic opportunity, environmental surveillance, a legal framework of order and a judicial system to administer it, and fundamental infrastructural requirements such as roads and communications facilities—to their citizens. Failed states honor these obligations in the breach. They increasingly forfeit their function as providers of political goods to warlords and other nonstate actors.
5 Kashmir provides another example of a localized, territory-specific fundamentalist Islamic-based secessionist movement that long predates 9/11. 9 In contrast, other fundamentalist global jihadist movements are more closely aligned in principles and tactics to the Red Brigade in Italy that has a more diffuse political agenda of revolutionary change to be achieved through violent means. The examples of the Philippines and Kashmir also highlight a disturbing convergence of separatist political objectives with the global intifadah promulgated by Al Qaeda.
27 2 Global Jihadism and Its Discontents The discussion in Chapter 1 drew a fundamental distinction between two different types of fundamentalist Islamic-based terrorism: separatist-based movements versus the so-called ‘‘global terrorism’’ of Al Qaeda and related terrorist cells and networks. The first type is based on a failure of the state, as already described. The second type is based on a failure of ideology. The failure of ideology in the twentieth century is embodied in the demise of fascism, communism, Stalinism, and Soviet-backed socialism in Africa and Asia.