By Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra
From the reviews:
"This is a concise advisor to radiological definitions of lymph node teams for radiation remedy making plans. … the first viewers is radiation oncologists in any respect phases in their careers. citizens and scholars should still locate this a really necessary anatomical consultant. The authors are renowned in radiation oncology and/or radiology. … this can be a worthy consultant for the lymph node anatomy of the foremost affliction web site regions." (James G. Douglas, Doody’s assessment carrier, July, 2009)
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Additional resources for A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy
Purdy 45 A Guide for D elineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in R adiation Therapy TUMOR/TARGET VOLUME A 1010 Cells B C D <108 A) Gross B) Clinical C) Planning D) Treatment portal TARGET VOLUMES Fig. 1 Schematic representation of target volumes in radiation therapy treatment planning. (Reproduced with permission, Perez CA, Brady LW, Roti Roti JL (1998) Overview. In: Perez CA, Brady LW (eds) Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology, 3rd edn. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, pp 1–78) ated radiation therapy.
64]. These authors proposed a system including nine major lymph node groups: •• Group 1. Para-aortic lymph nodes •• Group 2. 7 – Subdivision of paraaortic and pelvic lymph nodes Type Description Para-aortic lymph nodes Paracaval nodes Located to the right of the vena cava Precaval nodes Located anterior to the vena cava Postcaval nodes Located posterior to the vena cava when the vein is mobilized to the left Deep intercavoaortic nodes To the right of the aorta, between the aorta and the vena cava, above the lumbar vessels Superficial intercavoaortic nodes To the right of the aorta, between the aorta and the vena cava, below the lumbar vessels Preaortic nodes Anterior to the aorta Para-aortic nodes Lateral to the aorta Postaortic nodes Posterior to the aorta Pelvic lymph nodes Common iliac nodes Around the common iliac vessels – Medial subgroup – Superficial lateral subgroup – Deep lateral subgroup External iliac nodes Internal iliac nodes Deep obturator nodes Superficial obturator nodes Presacral nodes Parametrial nodes 26 In a space delimited laterally by the psoas muscle, medially by the common iliac vein and by the two iliolumbar veins, and posteriorly by the ischiatic nerve and by the origin of the obturator nerve 2 Lymph Node Classification •• •• •• •• Groups 3 and 4.
Developed a software tool called TIGER (Tutorial for Image Guided External Radiotherapy)  intended as a contouring training tool and based on the set of images of the Visible Human Project, with the purpose of facilitating the interpretation of CT images and, especially, the contouring of radiotherapy volumes. Based on our experience, for the four anatomical regions considered, we report the anatomicoradiological boundaries for identifying lymph node structures. 1 Head and Neck Region Definition of the nodal neck levels and related anatomical boundaries described by Robbins were originally proposed for surgical procedures and are not always easily identifiable on CT scans.