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By Robert B. Gordon

This booklet examines the economic ecology of 2 hundred years of ironmaking with renewal power assets in northwestern Connecticut. It makes a speciality of the cultural context of people's judgements approximately know-how and the surroundings, and the slow transition they effected of their land from commercial panorama to pastoral countryside.

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Extra resources for A Landscape Transformed: The Ironmaking District of Salisbury, Connecticut

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In 1799 Joseph Guthrie and Eber Peters added to the supply of bar iron with the two new bloomeries they built in Woodville (see chap. 3 and fig. 2). In addition to slitting iron into nail rod, mill proprietors could roll strips or plates thinner than artisans could make with the trip hammers used at the Salisbury forges. 8 Forbes and Adam depended on Salisbury's community of skilled artisans working as independent contractors to staff their forge. These men took on varied tasks, as needed: between June and August 1805, William Foxon made gudgeons, steeled a shaft, turned gristmill spindles, forged and turned fulling mill and sawmill cranks, made a printing press pin for John Roberts of Hartford, turned a clothiers' crank and three bearings, and made pins (screws) for a steamboat and screw plates for a comb factory.

2S> Dexter worked as founder at the Lakeville furnace for L. 30 Pettee and Dexter finished the furnace and sold it to Holley & Coning in 1808. They operated it with Joseph Pettee as a partner, and with Joseph and his brother Seneca managing through 1838, when Joseph died. Joseph's son, William J. Pettee, remained as manager until 1845. 3! Leman Bradley built Salisbury's third blast furnace in 1812, he using a site at the base of the Great Falls on the west side of the Housatonic River (see fig.

They were making a visible impact on the environment. Fortyseven different individuals sold ore to Coffing & Holley during the 1808 furnace campaign. Each blasted loose and dug out ore at his own pit at Ore Hill, alone or with a few helpers. 04 per ton royalty to the mine proprietors. Teamsters hauled one-ton wagonloads the two miles from Ore Hill to Furnace Village every day. During the 196 days of the blast, a typical miner would dig out about 34 A Landscape Transformed. 5OO cubic feet of ore and overburden, leaving the hill pockmarked with individual miners' pits, each with its pile of spoil.

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