By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of constructing a dwelling to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings existence, and miners ruled its social lifestyles. the massive immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen countries, which lent a distinctiveness to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the web site of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North relevant Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that through 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the group, and the advantages and constraints of lifestyles in a firm city.
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Additional info for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
1 In the process, the company also spawned the community of Thurber, which in terms of population, economic significance, and ethnic diversity rivaled coal-mining centers in other parts of the country by the early twentieth century. As exaggerated as the article's evaluation of Thurber's importance Page 4 to the industrialization process in Texas appeared, the author made a valid point. Coal mining literally fueled America's industrial trans-formation. In Texas as elsewhere coal production did represent potential, because it made other industrial growth possible.
20 By this time, Hunter had sent half a dozen agents to mining centers all over the country to recruit skilled coal diggers. " Agent Thomas Lawson claimed to have traveled, between December and May, to fifty or sixty camps in Indiana, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Kansas, Illinois, Kentucky, and Tennessee on Hunter's orders; he shipped 450 to 500 miners to Thurber. The largest group, almost half of whom were black, migrated from Brazil, Indiana. 21 The job of recruiting had its difficulties. Lawson found the work "very disagreeable and very dangerous" because "of the antagonism of the Johnson men," who had distributed circulars all over the large mining districts warning workers that a strike was in progress.
7 It was not, however, the only indicator of workers' response to life in a company town. Every day they adapted to company rules, and the company likewise adapted to their patterns of life and particular needs. "8 It can also provide a better and more complete view of who unionized or nonunionized industrial workers were, particularly the often-overlooked industrial employees in the Southwest, what mundane and spectacular events filled their lives, and the manner in which they controlled and shaped their existence both on and off the job.