By David Klotz
Hibis Temple, tucked away within the distant Khargeh Oasis, comprises the longest huge hymns to Amun-Re ever carved in hieroglyphs. those spiritual texts, inscribed throughout the reign of Darius I, drew upon a wide number of New state resources, and later they served as resources for the Graeco-Roman hymns at Esna Temple. As such, the hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis are excellently suited to learning Egyptian theology through the Persian interval, at the eve of the meant "new theology" created by means of the Graeco-Roman priesthood. This new learn, the 1st vast statement at the 5 liturgically hooked up hymns, gains new translations with precise notes. The e-book additionally considers dominant theological issues found in the texts, together with the idea that of "Amun in the Iris."
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Extra resources for Adoration of the Ram: five hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis temple
154 Piankoff, Les Chapelles de Tout-Ankh-Amon, Pl. II; Darnell, The Enigmatic Netherworld Books, p. , pp. 380–81. 155 Hornung, Amduat II, p. 130. 156 See my commentary pp. 83–84, n. A. 157 Urk. VI, 77, 6–7. 158 See Hornung, The Ancient Egyptian Books of the Afterlife, p. 142, Fig. 86. For the Mendesian ram, see my note to the Great Amun hymn, col. 17. B It is Amun’s eyes, rather than Amun himself, that emit light (cf. Chapter 7). The “sound” (wDA) aspect of this awakening alludes to the story of Osiris’s death and dismemberment, after which his limbs are reattached and he regains his sexual energy, allowing him to impregnate Isis or give birth to the morning sun, and thereby to recreate himself.
Another Sobek spell says of the deceased: “N. ” Sobek is even said 77 Smith, Enchoria 7 (1977): 131, Line 6, n. c. The text corresponds to Hibis III, Pl. 32, Hymn to the Ba’s, l. 6–7. See also Darnell, The Enigmatic Netherworld Books, p. 150, n. 508, who discusses this passage in the context of other bulls associated with Nun. 78 PM II2, p. 466 (32d); from a handcopy made in situ. 79 Zivie, Le Temple de Deir Chelouit III, No. 148, 8. , 7). Many gods receive the epithet “ejaculating bull (kA sTj/wsn)” or “ejaculating ram” (bA sTj), cf.
W kA aAa/sTi Nwn One who begets gods, bull who ejaculates Nun. ” Another Sobek spell says of the deceased: “N. ” Sobek is even said 77 Smith, Enchoria 7 (1977): 131, Line 6, n. c. The text corresponds to Hibis III, Pl. 32, Hymn to the Ba’s, l. 6–7. See also Darnell, The Enigmatic Netherworld Books, p. 150, n. 508, who discusses this passage in the context of other bulls associated with Nun. 78 PM II2, p. 466 (32d); from a handcopy made in situ. 79 Zivie, Le Temple de Deir Chelouit III, No. 148, 8.