By Jai P Narain
This quantity discusses the various advances in HIV examine, new projects and their promise for program within the Asian sector. It highlights the severe desire for nationwide dedication and sufficient assets, and for addressing the underlying HIV-risk similar behaviours and vulnerabilities. The participants additionally study the concept that of accomplished care - from domestic and from the neighborhood to the institutional point - in addition to supplying brand new details on HIV drug and vaccine improvement.
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Extra info for AIDS in Asia: The Challenge Continues
Epidemiologic programming to present transfusion-related HIV infection. Journal of Health Management, 2(2), 257–62. 2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific with almost 1 million new infections estimated to have occurred in 2002 (UNAIDS 2003). With national prevalence rates above 1 per cent, Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand are the worst affected countries in the region. 6 per cent of the adult population (Kingdom of Cambodia 2003). Other countries are experiencing serious, localised epidemics among vulnerable populations.
A study in Maharashtra state in India suggests that households affected by an HIV/AIDS-related death had been forced to sell their means of production to cover for the economic burden of high treatment and other costs of HIV/AIDS. Compared to households not affected by HIV/ AIDS, fewer of the HIV/AIDS death households owned means of production, land and animals (Verma et al. 2002). It is possible that the lack of assets in HIV-affected households mainly is an indication of the level of poverty, which could have been present before HIV/AIDS became part of the equation.
In addition, as the impact on households grows more severe, market demand for products and services can shrink (Asian Business Coalition on HIV/ AIDS 2002; Global Business Council on HIV/AIDS 2001, 2002; ILO 2001; UNAIDS et al. 2000). Companies in Asia are beginning to feel the impact of the epidemic. A survey of a small company in Thailand estimated that AIDS was resulting in a loss of US$ 80,000 annually (UNAIDS 1998). This estimate may, however, be a little high for a company in Thailand since it equals calculated costs of HIV/AIDS to larger companies in some of the worst affected countries in Africa (Alban 2002).