By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki
First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches through the Institute of African experiences (now the Institute of monetary and Social learn) in 1977, this is often the second one in a chain of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The purpose of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which grew to become rather in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian govt to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guideline. This quantity offers a grammatical comic strip of Lozi, a language concerning the Sotho language staff, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it really is spoken at the vital Barotse undeniable to the north and south of Mongu and on both sides of the Zambezi river, all of the method to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The research presents a complete survey of the entire significant grammatical gains of the language.
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Extra resources for An outline of Silozi grammar
The Verb Phrase The second level of the verbal constuctions is that of the verb phrase lt 48 I consists,in its fullest form, ofverb mdicals,both simpl€x and complex,together with their complem€nts,both objectsaod âdverbs,and with adjunctswhich are normally adverbial. ln verb phrasesonly the nuclear constituentof the verb radical is compulsory,while the presenceof the oth€r constituents,namely the object prefix, the object and adverbialcompleínentsandthe adjunctsis opúonal. g. Both constitu€rìtsare compulsory.
G. muíuart? ) 27 (class9 only) (l) múEi usili (a differ€nt village) (l) üa iAi? ) (9) THE RELATIVES Sil-ozi, like other Sotho languages, has a numbeÌ of relatively inflected constructions which occur in substântive phÌâses eitheÍ âs headwords or qualfiers. As constuctions the relatives belong to the anal)'tical level of the irúÌected substantives or substantive phÍas€s. Sincg howev€r, these constrüctionsare normally mnÌshifted as s€condarymembersofúe constitüent class of substantivein sübstantivephÍases,and since it is customaryto treat relatives and adjectivesamong the substantives,their heatmentis anticipated h€reto someextent.
Bw- 12. k- 10. 13. 14. bw- 15. kvì- 16. íhe- 11. 18. g. likom za-mulena N,abulozi 'opili (the cattleofthe former (10) chi€f of Lozi-land) bukaya-bubeli (the secondbook) (9) Possessiveinflections are usedas constituentsnot only wiú SPs but also with pronominal stems and pronounswhich refer to them. s of other personsand clâsses(se€pp. ) Is. -tuj IIs. I. g. but nja ya-ka (my dog) (e) mukolowa-hao (your canoe) (3) lip lí za-hae (his cattle) (10) bana ba-bona (their children) Q) CommonoossessiveconsFuctionsar€ abbreviated.